What is Mercury in Astrology? What does Mercury Represent in Vedic Astrology?
Mercury is known as the prince in Astrology. He is the royal messenger for the king. He delivers the important messages of the king to others. Mercury in Astrology is the karaka of communication of all kinds. Mercury also represents speech and our inner playfulness. Since he is a royal, he takes his duty as the messenger seriously. This is why Mercury is also intelligent because in order for anyone to have good communication, one needs to be intelligent. Mercury is also our business and management skills due to his calculative and logical nature, and love for the marketplace.
Externally, Mercury in Astrology represents people that communicate a lot, are mediators, translators, messengers, or are involved in any form of transfer or transmission of information. Mercury also signifies playful and funny people, people that joke or play with words, people that imitate others, adults that are child-like excited, or curious.
Physically, Mercury in Astrology represents the parts of the body that are involved in internal and external communication: the nervous system (internal), the mouth, lips, and hands (external). Mercury also signifies the skin, as it functions as an exchange organ with the outside world.
Internally, Mercury in Astrology represents the intellectual mind, logic, discrimination, ability to use language and symbols, communication skills, short-term memory, adaptability, and a sense of humor.
Qualities signed by Mercury in Vedic Astrology are Quick, Adaptable, Witty, Funny, and Boyish.
Determining which objects are signified by Mercury in Vedic Astrology: Whatever part is responsible for communication, quick transfer of information, providing infrastructure to your system, allowing contrasting parts to work together.
Neutral Natural quality of Mercury
: One thing you must remember about Mercury is that because it is a Neutral Natural, it can become Benefic and Malefic at the same time. If Mercury is in conjunction with a natural benefic, then it acts like a benefic planet. If Mercury is with a natural malefic planet, then it acts like a malefic. If Mercury is with both natural malefic and benefic as in Venus, Mercury, and Saturn, then look at the difference in degrees in all three of them. The closest degree to Mercury will influence Mercury more, however, if Venus and Saturn are both within 5 degrees of Mercury, then it gives mixed results.
Karaka is the reason for happening events in life whereas Karakatwas is the domain of the planet for delivering things. For example- Venus is Karaka of Marriage whereas Karakatwas of Venus is Marriage.
As per Uttara Kalamrita Vedic Textbook, Mercury in Astrology is the Karakatwas for: Speech, courteous speech, writing, education, a scholar, wise lectures, wisdom, Vedanta philosophy, mathematics, specialist in grammar, proficient in Telugu language, depth of a language, astrology, spells of a high order, influencing through recitation of mantras, sacred prayer, an amulet, versed in the legends
of the past, green color, garden, a beautiful house, moving in villages, treasury, mixed items, dust, infantry, palatial building, sculpture, Brahmin, religious action, devotion, pilgrimage to holy places, temple, worship of lord Vishnu, trading, horses, best ornaments, new garment, impartial nature, tranquility, even, modesty, bad dreams, eunuch, facing North, wet, bell metal, renunciation, Ritu (season), child, crooked look, heaven, fear, skin, navel, neck, humorous temperament, dancing, powerful in the morning, Hemanta Ritu, stone to sharpen knives, family prosperity, Sudra, bird, after born, the Directions, Atharva Veda, tower, pudendum, virile, benefic, fond of Northwest quarter, well, doctor, expert in testing of the precious stones, paternal relation, maternal grandfather, maternal uncle.
Health and Physiology Significance of Mercury in Astrology
Mercury in Vedic Astrology has the following health significance: Mercury Signifies Skin. Mercury in Astrology brings on mental disease trouble to the vocal organs, eye-disease, disease of throat and nose, fever, diseases arising from the three humours Vata, Pittha and Kapha, poison, skin diseases anaemia, bad dreams, itches and scab Psoriasis, accidents due to fire, troubles arising out of violence and imprisonment and harm from evil demons moving in the abodes of Gandharvas, and in fiery pits (where these evil spirits usually dwell) or Gandharvas, the Earth, mansions and horses,etc., as well as evil spirits. Mercury causes death through anemia, bloodlessness and similar diseases and giddiness. Mercury governs smell (nose).The above mentioned things will happen or not will depend if Mercury is placed Good or Bad in your Birth Chart.
Muhurat Significance of Mercury in Astrology
On a day presided over by Mercury or when Mercury is in the ascendant, all work undertaken in connection with the following things will be crowned with success:
Green substances, gems, lands, perfumes, garments, things that are both harsh and mild, drama, Sastra, science (metaphysics), poetry, all fine arts, preparation of compounds, mixtures, etc., achieving control over a Mantra, alchemy, arguments, skill, meritorious deeds, observance of vows, messengers, elixirs (that prolong life), feigned talk, falsehood, bath, things are done in a short, moderate and long interval to captivate other’s hearts, (or short, medium and long articles) like the foot-prints on the earth during heavy rain.
Dasha Significance of Mercury in Vedic Astrology
From the results predicted for dashas (planetary periods) we can learn additional favorable and unfavorable significations and associations.
During Mercury’s auspicious Dasha or Antardasha, During Mercury’s auspicious Dasha or Antardasha one gets wealth from ambassadorship, from friends, preceptors, and Brahmanas, acquires name and fame amongst literary persons and obtains brass utensils, gold, mules, lands, good fortune and happiness. One is also very witty, serviceable, of much intellectual power, and attains success in doing religious deeds.
During Mercury’s inauspicious Dasha or Antardasha: During Mercury’s inauspicious Dasha or Antardasha, one becomes rough in speech, suffers from grief, imprisonment, pain in mind and diseases due to the disorders in bile, phlegm, and wind.
Description of Planet Mercury as per Vedic Textbooks
According to Parashara: Mercury is endowed with an attractive physique and the capacity to use words with many meanings. He is fond of jokes. He has a mix of all the three humours.
According to Horasara: Mercury’s eyes are dark. He is well-versed in politics (or in policy-making), is of medium height, sometimes firm and sometimes unsteady, jolly natured, in touch with all kinds of news, witty, scholarly, and has the composition mixed with the three humors (i. e. bile, phlegm, and wind).
According to Bhirat Jataka: Mercury in Astrology has his voice tremulous, choked by intense feelings, is always humorous and joking, and is of bilious, windy, and phlegmatic temperament.
According to Saravali: Mercury’s eyes are reddish and broad. He speaks sweetly. His complexion is of green grass. He has strong skin. He is an extremely Rajasic planet. He is clear in his speech and is pure. He has a mixture of the three humors, i.e. phlegm, bile, and wind. He remains delighted and has moderate beauty. He is skillful and sinewy. He is agreeable to all in dressing and speech and wears green robes.
According to Phala Deepika: Mercury is green as the blade of a qurva or panic grass. He is a mixture of the three humours (Vata-wind), (pittha-bile), and (Kapha-phlegm). His body is full of veins. He is pleasant in his speech. He has red and long eyes and is clad in green. He governs the skin, is fond of fun, and possesses even limbs.
According to Sarvartha Chintamani: Mercury is of the color of green grass, is highly learned, is ambitious, truthful in speech. He is jocular, possesses all the three humors bile, phlegm, and wind, gives status, etc., with quickness, and is impotent.
Characteristics of Mercury in Vedic Astrology
Attractive Physique, Capacity to use words with many meanings, Fond of jokes, Mix of all the three humors
Lad of 20 years
Malefic/Benefic depending on Conjunction & Placement
Aspect of Life
Speech giver, Five senses, Smell (nose)
Characteristic mark on body
On the Right side, Armpit
Apparel / Clothing
Green cloth, wet cloth, that is just squeezed of water, black silken
Green like Durva grass, Greenish, Parrot Green
Shudras, Commercial Community
Rajas or passionate activity, Rajas or passion, Rajasic
North, North West
Average Daily Motion
65 to 100 Degrees
Rashi of Exaltation
Virgo 15 Degrees
Rashi of Debilitation
Pisces 15 Degrees
A Season of Two months, Ritu
Grain / Pulse
All the six tastes mixed, Astringent, Sweet, Sour (acid), Mixed
White Copper, Lead, Zinc
Dhatu / Mula
Jeeva (animals), Minerals (in own signs), Animals (in other signs), Jivas
Ear ornaments, Emerald-set Earrings
Emerald shaped like the bird Garuda, Emerald
Plants, Trees and Food
Fruit-bearing and Fruitless trees, Fruitless plants