Bhagavad Gita 1.25 Explained: Facing Life’s Moral Dilemmas

भीष्मद्रोणप्रमुखतः सर्वेषां च महीक्षिताम्।
उवाच पार्थ पश्यैतान्समवेतान्कुरूनिति।।1.25।।

श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता 1.25

Bhishmadronapramukhatah Sarvesham Cha Mahikshitam
Uvacha Partha Pashyaitansamavetankuruniti

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita 1.25

Whither Bheeshma and Drona had led all the rulers of the earth, and spoke thus: O Arjuna! Behold these members of the family of Kuru assembled.

English Translation of BG 1.25

This verse captures a moment of profound significance on the battlefield of Kurukshetra, as Lord Krishna addresses Arjuna, urging him to observe the gathered Kuru dynasty, including elders and warriors like Bhishma and Drona. Here, Krishna, as the divine charioteer, positions Arjuna to face the reality of the impending conflict, not just as a battle between armies, but as a confrontation with his own kin, teachers, and loved ones.

Insights into BG 1.25: Reflecting on Swami Ramsukhdas Ji’s Divine Commentary

The Call to Observe

Krishna’s invitation to Arjuna to behold the Kurus serves as a catalyst for Arjuna’s introspection and eventual spiritual awakening. This moment emphasizes the importance of facing our life’s challenges head-on, acknowledging the complexity of our duties, and the often-painful reality of our choices. Krishna, by asking Arjuna to look at his opponents, is not merely pointing to the external enemies but is subtly directing Arjuna to confront his inner conflicts and dilemmas.

The Significance of Bhishma and Drona

By specifically mentioning Bhishma and Drona, revered figures deeply respected by Arjuna, Krishna highlights the gravity of the situation. These figures symbolize the highest moral and ethical standards, and their presence on the opposite side complicates Arjuna’s decision to fight. This scenario illustrates the intricate web of relationships and duties that often pull individuals in different directions, creating inner turmoil and moral ambiguity.

The Kurukshetra as Life’s Battlefield

The battlefield of Kurukshetra transcends its literal meaning, symbolizing the arena of life where one must make difficult decisions amidst conflicting duties and affections. The assembled Kurus represent not only the external adversaries but also the internal challenges each person faces: attachments, desires, and the struggle to uphold righteousness (dharma) in the face of personal loss.

The Role of the Divine Guide

Krishna’s role as a guide and mentor to Arjuna in this critical moment underscores the importance of divine guidance in navigating life’s moral and ethical battlegrounds. By urging Arjuna to see the reality of the conflict, Krishna initiates a deeper spiritual dialogue, steering Arjuna (and the reader) towards a greater understanding of duty, righteousness, and the ultimate purpose of life.


Verse 1.25 of the Bhagavad Gita serves as a poignant reminder of the complexities inherent in fulfilling one’s duties, especially when faced with conflicts that test our values and beliefs. Krishna’s call to Arjuna to behold the Kurus is a call to each of us to face our own battles with courage, discernment, and the guidance of higher wisdom. It teaches us that in the journey of life, we are often called to make choices that challenge our attachments and compel us to consider the greater good beyond our personal inclinations. In this spiritual and ethical journey, the divine presence, symbolized by Krishna, offers the clarity and support needed to navigate the path of righteousness.=-