Bhagavad Gita 2.2 Explored: Krishna’s Challenge to Arjuna’s Despondency

श्री भगवानुवाच
कुतस्त्वा कश्मलमिदं विषमे समुपस्थितम्।

श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता 2.2

Shri Bhagavanuvacha
Kutastva Kashmalamidam Vishame Samupasthitam

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita 2.2

“The Lord said: My beloved friend! Why yield, just on the eve of battle, to this weakness which does no credit to those who call themselves Aryans, and only brings them infamy and bars against them the gates of heaven?

English Translation of BG 2.2

At this critical juncture in the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna addresses Arjuna’s despondency with a question that penetrates deep into the heart of spiritual awakening. Swami Ramsukhdas Ji, through his insightful interpretation, offers a profound understanding of this moment, revealing the layers of meaning that speak to the eternal struggle between duty, honor, and the transient nature of worldly attachments.

Insights into BG 2.2: Reflecting on Swami Ramsukhdas Ji’s Divine Commentary

The Nature of Delusion

The delusion (kashmala) Lord Krishna refers to is the confusion and sorrow that cloud Arjuna’s judgment. This delusion is born out of attachment and ignorance, leading to a loss of clarity regarding one’s duty (dharma). Swami Ramsukhdas Ji highlights that such delusion is a common human experience, yet it is one that we must strive to overcome through discernment and spiritual guidance.

The Call to Honor

Krishna’s words remind Arjuna, and through him all of us, of the inherent nobility and duty of an individual striving for righteousness. The term “anaryajushtam,” implying behavior unbefitting an honorable person, underscores the Vedic ideal of living a life that is aligned with higher principles of truth, courage, and duty. Swami Ramsukhdas Ji emphasizes that honor is not merely a social construct but a spiritual imperative that guides one towards the path of self-realization and liberation.

The Consequences of Inaction

By stating that Arjuna’s hesitation is “asvargyam” (not leading to heaven) and “akirtikaram” (leading to disgrace), Lord Krishna highlights the spiritual and societal consequences of shirking one’s duty. Swami Ramsukhdas Ji elucidates that actions taken in alignment with dharma lead to spiritual elevation and honor, whereas neglecting one’s duty results in dishonor and spiritual decline. This teaching serves as a powerful reminder of the importance of fulfilling our responsibilities, not for the sake of reward, but as an expression of our highest self.

The Path Forward

This verse sets the stage for the profound teachings that are to follow in the Gita. Swami Ramsukhdas Ji points out that Krishna’s questioning is not merely a rebuke but an invitation for Arjuna to introspect and realize the deeper spiritual truths about the nature of existence, duty, and the self. It is a call to rise above the transient emotions and attachments that bind the soul to the cycle of birth and death.


Verse 2.2 of the Bhagavad Gita serves as a pivotal moment where Lord Krishna begins to guide Arjuna from the depths of despair to the heights of spiritual wisdom. Swami Ramsukhdas Ji’s commentary on this verse illuminates the path from delusion to clarity, from dishonor to dignity, and from spiritual inertia to dynamic engagement with life’s highest purpose. It teaches us that at the heart of our struggles lies the opportunity for profound spiritual growth, provided we are willing to listen to the wisdom of the divine and act in accordance with our true nature. As seekers on the spiritual path, let us take to heart the lessons of this verse, embracing our duties with courage and integrity, and striving always to live a life that is worthy of the divine spark within us.