Bhagavad Gita 1.7 Explained: Duryodhana’s Confidence in His Leaders

अस्माकं तु विशिष्टा ये तान्निबोध द्विजोत्तम।
नायका मम सैन्यस्य संज्ञार्थं तान्ब्रवीमि ते।।

श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता 1.7

Asmakam tu vishishta ye tan nibodha dvijottama
Nayaka mama sainyasya sanjnyartham tan bravimi te

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita 1.7

“Further, take note of all those captains who have ranged themselves on our side, O best of Spiritual Guides! The leaders of my army. I will name them for you.”

English Translation of BG 1.7

In this verse, Duryodhana speaks to Dronacharya, highlighting the eminent warriors within his own ranks, paralleling the valorous figures in the Pandava army. He seeks to reassure and inform his teacher about the capable leaders who are prepared to fight on their side, indicating a sense of pride and confidence in his forces.

Insights into BG 1.7: Reflecting on Swami Ramsukhdas Ji’s Divine Commentary

This verse captures a moment of strategic conversation between Duryodhana and his mentor, Dronacharya, shedding light on the psychology of warfare and the importance of morale among troops. Duryodhana’s enumeration of his army’s leaders serves multiple layers of purpose, beyond the mere listing of names.

The Psychology of Leadership and Morale

Duryodhana’s address to Dronacharya is a deliberate attempt to boost the morale of his side by emphasizing the strength and valor of their leaders. By naming the distinguished warriors, he is not just informing Dronacharya but is also sending a message to his army and allies that they are formidable. This act of recognition plays a crucial role in warfare, where the morale of the soldiers is as critical as their physical strength.

The Illusion of Strength

While Duryodhana presents a facade of confidence and strength, underlying his words is an attempt to convince himself and his mentor of their position’s superiority. It reflects a common human tendency to overestimate one’s capabilities while underestimating the opponent’s resolve and strength. This illusion can lead to a lack of preparation and complacency, which are detrimental in any conflict, whether on the battlefield or in life’s challenges.

The Importance of Righteousness

Duryodhana’s emphasis on the might of his warriors misses a crucial element that the Bhagavad Gita consistently highlights—righteousness (dharma). The true strength of an individual or a group does not solely rest on martial prowess but on the righteousness of their cause. This verse subtly reminds us that aligning with dharma is the ultimate determinant of success, not merely the physical or tactical superiority one might possess.

A Reflection for Modern Times

In today’s world, where conflicts often arise from misunderstandings, ego, and the race for supremacy, this verse serves as a reminder of the need for introspection and righteousness. It encourages individuals to reflect on their motivations and the righteousness of their actions. True leadership and strength lie in humility, the pursuit of justice, and the welfare of all, rather than in mere dominance or victory.


Through Duryodhana’s words, the Bhagavad Gita offers a profound lesson on the nature of conflict, leadership, and the true foundations of strength. As we navigate the battles of our lives, let us remember that the essence of victory lies not in overpowering others but in empowering ourselves and our communities through righteousness, wisdom, and compassion. Let this understanding guide our actions and lead us towards a more harmonious and just world.